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Home > Cosmetics: Types and Ingredients
Cosmetics: Types and Ingredients
Common Ingredients

The various forms of cosmetic include lipstick and lip gloss (used to colour the lips, a facsimile of sexual arousal); foundation, powder, and rouge (used to colour the face, lightening and removing flaws to produce an impression of health and youth); mascara (used to enhance the eyelashes, larger eyes compared to face is a sign of youth) and eyeliner and eyeshadow (used to colour the eyelids); and nail polish (used to colour the fingernails and toenails).

Cosmetic types
Lipstick is a cosmetic substance for the lips that is heavier than lip-gloss and has the primary purpose of applying color to the lips. Most lipsticks are red or reddish, which has the effect of simulating the appearance of sexual arousal, which naturally increases blood flow and reddens the lips in fair-skinned people, and hence making the wearer appear more sexually attractive, but with modern pigments lipstick is available in practically any colour or shade.

A typical lipstick contains many chemical ingredients, principally pigments, oils, waxes, and emollients. Perfume and/or flavoring may be added to cover the odors and tastes of the other ingredients.

As with most other types of makeup, lipstick is typically, but not exclusively, worn by women.

Lip glossLip-gloss
Lip-gloss is a cosmetic substance used for making the lips appear, as the name suggests, more glossy.

Myriads of different types of glosses are available. Some of these are
basic glosses: where they add shine to the lips and nothing more
coloring glosses: where in addition to adding shine add color as well
glitter glosses: where glitter is present in the gloss -- these can be coloring as well
flavored glosses: these can be any of the above, with the addition of having a certain flavor associated with the gloss

Lip-gloss, is less heavy (although sometimes thicker) on the lips than lipstick which is purely designed to color. Coloring glosses have usually less opaque coloring than lipsticks. It is reasoned that preference for glosses instead of lipsticks is reactionary to animal origins of lipsticks, such as fish scales.

Lip-glosses have come into greater popularity in the past few years. Lip-glosses are moisturizing and often add a plumping effect to the lips. Using lip liner in conjunction with lip-glosses also gives a different and more defined look.
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Mascara is also the old name for the city of Muaskar in Algeria. Mascara tube and wand applicator. Mascara is a cosmetic used to darken, thicken and define eyelashes. Its available in three different formulations: cake, liquid, and cream. It also comes in many different shades and tints. It can help eyelashes to look thicker and longer. Mascara and eyebrow pencil should be colour co-ordinated so that they do not appear to clash.

Mascara is available with tube and wand applicators. Mascara includes water, wax thickeners, film-formers and preservatives. Mascara brushes can be straight or curved, to curl eye lashes, with fine or thick bristles. Some mascara wands contain rayon or nylon fibres to lengthen the hair fibres.

The word mascara derives from the Arabic mascara meaning buffoon.
Modern mascara was created in 1913 by a chemist named T. L. Williams for his sister, Mabel. This early mascara was made from coal dust mixed with Vaseline petroleum jelly. The product was a success with Mabel, and Williams began to sell his new product through the mail. He named his company Maybelline: a combination of his sisters name and "Vaseline." Maybelline eventually became a leading cosmetics company.

Mascara was available only in cake form, and was composed of colorants and carnauba wax. Users wet a brush and rubbed it over the cake, then applied it to the eyes. The modern tube and wand applicator did not appear until 1957, when Helena Rubinstein introduced it.
This womans eye has had mascara applied.

Using mascara
Mascara may be used on all lashes, from inner to outer corners. The mascara wand is dipped into a clean tube of mascara, applied close to the base of the lashes and worked out to the tips. Apply mascara to top lashes for a heavy-lidded look, or to bottom lashes as well for a wider-eyed look. Use waterproof mascara if your eyes tend to water because of allergies, etc. Non-waterproof is ideal for easy removal and also tends to clump less. Curling lashes before using mascara is a good idea to prevent breakage, and has the effect of "opening" the eyes more. Also, to prolong the life of your mascara, do not pump the wand in and out of the tube. This pushes air into the tube and shortens the life of the mascara. Simply insert the wand once, twist, and pull out when applying more.

The Food and Drug Administration reports that the most common cosmetic injury is a scratch to the eye when applying mascara. This can become infected, which may lead to corneal ulcers, the loss of eyelashes or even blindness.

Nail PolishNail Polish
Nail polish is a cosmetic lacquer that is applied to the nails of both the fingers and toes, usually as ornamentation but also as protection. Most nail polishes are made of nitrocellulose dissolved in a solvent and either left clear or colored with various pigments. There are historic records of its use in ancient societies of China and Egypt, where colour signified social class. Originally made of natural pigments, modern nail polish is similar to car paint, and requires solvents such as acetone to remove.

Sometimes people paint their nails a color that will match their clothes. Women typically wear it. Nail polish may be applied as one of several components in a manicure.

Perfume Free Cosmetics
Perfumes and scents are used widely in the cosmetic industry to hide odor from the raw materials, they are also used to add appeal to the cosmetic or beauty product. Perfumes are the most common cause of allergic reactions in cosmetics, which is important to avoid with rosacea, the following products below are perfume free.

Moisturel (Westwood)
DML moisturizing lotion (Person&Covey)
Eltracreme (SwissAmerican Products)
Dormer creams and lotions (Dormer Labs)
Cliniderm cream (Canderm)
Epilyt lotion (Stiefel)

Cetaphil lotion (Galderma)
Spectrojel ( GlaxoSmithKline)
Neutrogena fragrance free bar
Basic soap

DHS shampoo (Person& Covey)
Cliniderm (Canderm)
Free and clear (Pharmaceutical Specialties Inc)
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