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"Cosmeceuticals" can be defined as cosmetic and pharmaceutical product: a product that falls between the categories designated as pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, especially in terms of marketing. Cosmeceuticals (or alternatively, Cosmeceuticals) are topical cosmetic-pharmaceutical hybrids intended to enhance the health and beauty of skin. It is often difficult for consumers to determine whether "claims" about the action or efficacy of cosmeceuticals are in fact valid unless the product has been approved by the FDA or equivalent agency. Cosmeceuticals" is the term that is frequently used to describe cosmetic products that have medicinal or drug-like properties, regardless of whether they are sold as cosmetics or drugs. Some experts are calling for increased regulation of cosmeceuticals that would require only proof of safety, which is not mandatory for cosmetics. Although some cosmeceuticals are registered as drugs, in general this category would occupy the mid part of the continum that proceeds from cosmetic to drug. For now relatively few components of cosmetic skin care products have been proven to be active in the concentrations at which they are present. Regulation of cosmeceuticals has not been harmonized between the USA, Europe, Asia and other countries. Cosmeuticals are the new wave in skin care. Different from traditional products, Cosmeceuticals, alter the structure and function of the skin.They reverse the sun damage , reduce the appearance of wrinkles,and treat acne.
"Cosmeceuticals" can be roughly defined as products that have a therapeutic benefit, but without necessarily having a biologic or physiologic benefit. As an example, if a manufacturer claims that a product improves the appearance of wrinkles (a therapeutic benefit), that product would be considered a cosmetic by law. If however, the manufacturer added the claim that the product increased collagen thickness in the skin by a specific physiologic mechanism, the product would then be considered a pharmaceutical, or drug. Although its clear that many of these cosmeceuticals work by altering physiologic processes in the skin (thus meeting the legal definition of a drug), manufacturers will often avoid making specific claims or holding clinical trials to avoid subjecting their product to the lengthy and expensive US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval process.
"Cosmeceuticals", though not an FDA-recognized term, refers to cosmetics with health, medicinal, therapeutic, or disease-fighting properties touted to prevent, strengthen, rejuvenate, improve, or repair. Reportedly first coined in the late 1970s at a Society of Cosmetic Chemists meeting by dermatologist Albert Kligman, MD, PhD, Egyptians are credited with the origination of healing cosmetics. Some products can be both cosmetics and drugs. This may happen when a product has two uses. For example, a shampoo is a cosmetic because its used to clean the hair.
But, an anti-dandruff treatment is a drug because its used to treat dandruff. So an antidandruff shampoo is both a cosmetic and a drug. Other examples are:
· toothpastes that contain fluoride
· deodorants that are also antiperspirants
· moisturizers and make-up that provide sun protection
These products must meet the standards for both cosmetics (color additives) and drugs. Some cosmetic makers use the term "cosmeceutical" to refer to products that have drug-like benefits. FDA does not recognize this term. A product can be a drug, a cosmetic, or a combination of both. But the term "cosmeceutical" has no meaning under the law. While drugs are reviewed and approved by FDA, FDA does not approve cosmetics. If a product acts like a drug, FDA must approve it as a drug.
Cosmeceuticals are one of the personal-care industrys fastest growing segments, but the FDA doesnt regulate them either. According to consumer research publisher Packaged Facts, U.S. retail sales of cosmeceutical skin care are estimated to climb 7.3%, to $6.4 billion, from 2003 to 2004. Cosmeceuticals can no longer be considered a niche market, representing up to 50 per cent of supplement sales in some countries, maintains a new report. Cosmeceuticals are non-medicinal active topicals. Cosmeceuticals containing non-restricted active ingredients or actives such as vitamins are treatment cosmeceuticals. Cosmeceuticals may be one of the few industries where product performance is routinely understated by its claims. They may also mean Products formulated to improve the skins health and appearance, they may also have positive physiological effects on the skin on a cellular level (antioxidants, for example). They are nutritionally enriched ingredients that are used in natural and fortified cosmetic applications for a planned and specified way to achieve a desired result with a 100% naturally processed and composed item. Cosmeceuticals are functional cosmetic products that go above and beyond their intended function of beautification and enhancement of external appearance, by offering additional therapeutic and anti-aging benefits. Cosmeceuticals are even considered as a skin treatment that provides added benefit beyond a simple cosmetic or moisturizer. Cosmeceuticals are known in the cosmetics industry as cosmeceuticals, vitamin- and plant-boosted skin products are quickly gaining popularity. In simple terms, cosmeceuticals are cosmetics with druglike effects. Cosmeceuticals have a metabolic or chemical effect on the skin but arent classified by the FDA," says David Goldberg, MD, director of laser research and Mohs surgery (a dermatological procedure) at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City and author of Light Years Younger (Capital Books, 2003). "We are at the beginning of a revolution in skin care," he says. "Our ancestors used natural substances successfully, and were going back to them. Now were just trying to get some science in there."
Cosmeceuticals typically contain higher levels of active ingredients than regular cosmetics, according to Sheldon Pinnel, MD, and professor emeritus of dermatology at Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina. "Cosmeceuticals do more than just feel good on the skin," he says. "They can protect skin from photoaging and maybe skin cancer." Although the term cosmeceutical may be new to you, skin creams and lotions enhanced with vitamins A and E, both well-known antioxidants have been around for more than 30 years. In Europe, botanical- and vitamin-enhanced creams have been de rigueur for decades. Now, as some less-familiar botanicals and nutrients pique the interest and scrutiny of the science community, a flurry of research indicates they can be powerful additions to skin-care products. So how do they work? Most Cosmeceuticals operate as antioxidants, which neutralize free radical -sunstable oxygen molecules that can damage skin cells, break down collagen, and ultimately cause wrinkles.
Cosmeceuticals can be an excellent defense, given that the aging process, environmental toxins, and sun exposure can deplete our internal antioxidant supply. "Topical antioxidants, when formulated correctly, can deliver huge amounts of selected antioxidants to the skin," Pinnel says. Cosmeceuticals arent limited to antioxidants, however. Virtually any natural substance that changes the skins chemistry and appearance can be classified as a Cosmeceutical.
Cosmeceuticals represent a marriage between cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Like cosmetics, cosmeceuticals are topically applied, but they contain ingredients that influence the biological function of the skin. Cosmeceuticals improve appearance, but they do so by delivering nutrients necessary for healthy skin. Cosmeceuticals are the fastest-growing segment of the natural personal care industry. Consumers are always interested in maintaining a youthful appearance, and as the global populations median age increases, this market is increasingly expanding. Cosmeceuticals are not subject to review by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act do not recognize the term cosmeceutical. Although cosmetics and cosmeceuticals are tested for safety, testing to determine whether beneficial ingredients actually live up to a manufacturers claims is not mandatory. In general, vitamins, herbs, various oils, and botanical extracts may be used in cosmeceuticals, but the manufacturer may not claim that these products penetrate beyond the skins surface layers or that they have druglike or therapeutic effects. For cosmetic labels, no division between active ingredients and other ingredients is required; they are all listed together.